What is the CLAT Examination?
CLAT is the short form for the Common Law Admissions Test. It is an All-India based entrance examination that is conducted by the National Law Universities (NLUs). CLAT Exam is conducted for admission of students to the under-graduate (UG) and post-graduate (PG) level of studying law. In law, the UG level is known as LL.B, and the PG level is known as LL.M. Usually, the responsibility of examination conduction is rotated among the 22 existing National Law Universities and the responsibility is given to the ones that have greater seniority of the establishment.
Eligibility Criteria for the CLAT Exam
- For the UG level CLAT Exam, there is no official upper age-limit set.
- To sit for the exam, candidates must secure a minimum percentage in their 12th Board Examinations. This percent varies for different candidates belonging to different categories:
- Candidates who belong to the OBC/Unreserved or Specially Abled Person (SAP) categories, are to secure a minimum of 45%.
- Candidates who belong to the categories of SC/ST are to secure a minimum of 40% in their 10+2 examinations.
CLAT Application Information
The application form for the exam will be released in the first week of January. Candidates are to fill the application form ONLY through online mode by visiting the official website. The last date of submission of the form is till the last week of March.
There are different CLAT Examination application form fee for some categories. The for General/ OBC/ PWD/ PIO/ OCI/ NRI categories, candidates have to pay Rs 4,000 as the application fee. For the categories of SC/ ST/ BPL, Rs 3,500 is the application fee. Those candidates who request for past years’ papers at the time of application form fill-up will pay additional charges.
Documents for CLAT Exam Registration
All the original documents are NOT to be submitted here. Original documents are strict to be submitted during the time of admission at respective universities. The following documents are required during registration-
- Recent Passport size photo with a white background
- A scanned signature document of the aspirant
- Educational qualification documents (mainly results)
- BPL Certificate (If it is applicable)
- PWD Certificate (If it is applicable)
- SC/ST/OBC Certificate (If any of the categories is applicable)
CLAT Entrance Examination Admit Card
The CLAT Examination admit card is usually available from the third week of April. The exact date of release of admit card is displayed on their official website.
CLAT Examination Syllabus for UG Level
The topics to be examined for UG admission are English, Current Affairs, Legal Reasoning, Logical Reasoning, and Quantitative techniques.
- The subject English comprises of Passages, Reading, Comprehension, Inference, and Conclusion, Summary, Vocabulary, etc.
- Current Affairs is rather an open area that requires a whole lot of general knowledge. The syllabus broadly covers Contemporary Events of National and International Significance, Art and Culture, International Affairs, Historical Events of significance.
- Legal Reasoning holds the chapters of Rules and Passages of Law, Application of the rules and passages, etc.
- Logical Reasoning is comprised of areas of Argument – Premise and Conclusion, Inference, Relationships and Analogies, Contradictions and Equivalence, etc.
- Quantitative Techniques is the last topic and it covers chapters of Basic Algebra, Mensuration, Statistical Estimation, Graphs, Numerical Information, Ratio, and Proportion, etc.
Each of the sections of the exam paper will evaluate you on the basis of a passage with different word limits. You will be answering the objective type questions based on those passages. Only for the quantitative techniques section, you will be given a set of graphs or pictorial or diagrammatic or factual information and questions will be asked based on these.
CLAT Examination Syllabus for PG Level
The topics to be examined for PG admission are Constitutional Law, Administrative Law, Torts, Criminal Law, Company Law, Tax Law, and Labour & Industrial Law.
As your educational qualification increases, the subjects or the topics become more streamlined.
- Under Constitutional Law, there is Jurisprudence.
- Under the Administrative Law, the topic of importance is the Law of Contract.
- Under the Torts section, the important portion is Family Law.
- For Criminal Law, it is an important section called the Property Law.
- For the subject Company Law, the area of importance is Public International Law.
- Under Tax Law, it is most evidently the Environmental Law.
- And the last one being Labour & Industrial Law, whose section covers other general mandatory topics from the Undergraduate studies.
CLAT Entrance (UG Level) Examination Pattern
The topics to be examined in the paper are English, Current Affairs, Legal Reasoning, Logical Reasoning, and Quantitative techniques.
- English with comprehension in it carries 40marks. Current Affairs and Legal Reasoning hold 50 marks. Logical Reasoning has 40marks and Quantitative Techniques carry 20marks.
- There are 200 MCQ type (Objective) questions in total in the paper.
- The duration of the CLAT Exam is of 2 hours.
- Each question carries 1 mark for the correct answer.
- There is a negative marking in the exam where a 0.25 mark is deducted for every incorrect answer.
CLAT Entrance (PG Level) Examination Pattern
- The exam paper is divided into two separate sections. Section 1 has objective type questions (MCQs). Section 2 has descriptive type questions.
- Section 1 carries a net 100marks with 100 questions.
- Each of the questions carries 1 mark for the right answer and a deduction of 0.25 mark for every incorrect answer.
- Section 2 carries 2 questions with a net 50 marks.
- Each question carries 25 marks (no negative marking in section 2).
- Each essay in section 2 must be 800 words at least.
- Not everybody can attempt Section 2. Only those candidates who score a minimum of 40% in Section 1 are considered eligible to appear for Section 2.
- There is a relaxation for the SC/ST/PwD category candidates of 5%.
The original or scanned result of the 12th Board Examination is to be submitted by the respective candidates during their admission. If the candidates fail to do so, they will be declared ineligible to apply for admission and getting admitted to the desired University.
During the evaluation of the results obtained in the CLAT Examination, if there arises a problem due to few students getting equal marks, then other factors will be considered. The factors might include giving importance to separate sections like Legal Reasoning, age of the candidates, etc.